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The lack of Afghanistan’s ability to develop its water resources adversely affects its national security and regional peace & stability 

The lack of Afghanistan’s ability to develop its water resources adversely affects its national security and regional peace & stability 

 

Dursun Yıldız

CE Hydropolitics Expert (Msc)

Hydropolitics Association

Güfte Sokak No: 8/9 TR 06680 Kavaklıdere Çankaya, Ankara, Turkey

E mail: dursunyildiz@hpacenter.org

ABSTRACT

A greater distance in relations between Afghanistan and the International Community will adversely affect its national water development, management as well as stability and security in the region.

Therefore it needs to be clarified what happens if Afghanistan is not able to develop its water resources and if it is excluded from the international community for a long time. This requires to study of emerging water insecurity-related threats in the region.

In 2013 the UNEP produced a report that found that 70-80% of Afghans are directly dependent on natural resources for income and sustenance, meaning farming, animal husbandry, and artisanal mining.

 

The prospects of peace and stability in Afghanistan will continue to be low, if food insecurity, water scarcity, and population growth continue. If the water does not develop and managed sustainably in Afghanistan, in that case, it can turn over to be the prime cause of social tension and instability leading to mass migration and growing conflict among the riparian countries connected through historical, cultural, environmental, and economic ties.

The ongoing situation has also undermined Afghanistan’s capacity to cope with water and food insecurity threats, with natural disasters adding stress to an already weak system of governance.

Therefore international community needs to think about the  Afghanistan water and food crisis and its role in the security situation in Afghanistan and regional instability.

Keywords: Afghanistan’s Transboundary Rivers, Regional Water Security, Hydro Politics of Afghanistan, Peace, and stability,

to read the full article please click on 

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