- Iran is now so deeply involved in Syria that even the Assad regime cannot challenge it. Israel will continue to counter that presence, primarily via one-off strikes.
- Shared perceptions of the threat posed to them by Iran are bringing greater opportunity for a rapprochement between Saudi Arabia and Israel.
- Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to modernise his country under the Vision 2030 programme. The success of those efforts is by no means guaranteed, particularly because the response to them from the country’s most conservative elements is still to be seen.
- The overall outlook for the region over the next decade is one of continuing instability. Attempts during that period to foster some form of Arab-Israeli rapprochement should be maximised.