Why Water Issues Are Crucial to Stability in the New Syria
Hydropolitics Association of Turkey
SUMMARY When one looks at the last situation of the Syrian map, it can be seen that the Islamic State is squeezed out of its strongholds in Mosul and Raqqa and witnesses a steady decline in the influx of foreign fighters. As of 2017 July IS has lost 60% of the territory, 80% of revenue This brings any other important question: what is next for ISIS? Will it continue to retain control of several urban centers in the region—or will it disband and devote its complete attention to external operations and attacking Europe and the West?
Balanche clearly pointed out a very crucial issue in his article (2) while it has been out of mind during this chaotic civil war situation. After a six-year civil war, regardless of who controls the Euphrates Valley agricultural zone next, they will need to address the legacy of failed regime irrigation policies that are once again creating tension among local tribes A major offensive military movement in eastern Syria has taken place to eradicate the Islamic State (IS) presence in the area.
The Syrian army is advancing toward Deir al-Zour and Tabqa with the help of Russian aviation, while U.S.-supported Kurdish and Arab fighters under the flag of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) are closing in from the North.(2). Ousting ISIS from its de facto capital of Raqqa may not be too far behind. Last month, Lieutenant General Stephen Townsend, commander of Operation Inherent Resolve, said that he hoped the assault on Raqqa would be “underway by this summer” and would be surprised if it continued into next year. In many ways, while the battles against ISIS in Mosul and Raqqa may soon reach their conclusions Military expert explanations indicate that time has come to prepare for "the day after IS" in the Euphrates area. After IS, it is clear that various economic issues will play a very key role in local political stabilization. Regardless of who controls the area next -- whether the Assad regime, the SDF, or other players -- they will face the problem of water scarcity, which has long driven the area's political and economic dynamics. It seems that change is inevitable and the region must prepare for it. In this article, we explained the current situation and threats to draw attention to crucial water issues.
Keywords: Middle East, Syria, Divided Syria, New Syria, Euphrates River
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