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IMPACTS OF VARIETY IN SOCIAL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC SITUATIONS, AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN MEDITERRANEAN REGION PRESENTLY MANIFESTATED BY HETEROGENEOUS HUMAN POPULATION COMPOSITION AND MIGRATIONS INTERFERING WITH AN EFFECTIVE MARINE ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION IN MEDITERRANEAN SEA

Eyüp Yüksel

29 Mayıs 2021

ABSTRACT

We have entered a period in which a real environmental protection cannot be truly achieved in the key large Mediterranean marine ecosystem which shapes considerably the overall fate of the world. International institutions, legislations, conventions, agreements, environment projects fiscal opportunities, precautionary investments, new findings of scientific research, each day rapidly complicating complex reporting methodologies developed by European Union (EU), and United Nations Environment Programme UNEP, and other positive, kindly approaches so far could not find an acceptable, and satisfactory policy to be implemented by the stakeholders, i.e. Mediterranean countries, to solve the present problems regarding smoothly functioning ecosystem services, and equity in sharing them by the stakeholder nations from Türkiye, Syria, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunusia, Greece, Malta, and finally Portugal in Iberia.   Despite the most comprehensive conservation plans and are prepared by European Union (EU), dualism between EU and the rest hampers international cooperation which is a must in protecting such a big whole ecosystem.  Remedy to sustsinably manage this ecosystem requires some decades to balancing unequity between different stakeholders in terms of revenue, GDP distribution, in addition to political, national, and fair ecosystem sharing rights etc. appropriately even thougy the difeference in cultural properties have been exaggerated nowadays.

Key words: aquatic ecosystems, ecosystem services, biodiversity, migrations, people, Mediterranean, international cooperation.

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