Key PointsSource :http://www.futuredirections.org.au/publication/dams-in-africa-balancing-food-water-and-energy-security/
- Electrification rates are low across Africa, with electricity demand much larger than supply. The continent holds enormous hydroelectric potential, less than ten per cent of which is exploited.
- Two countries in particular, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, have plans to construct large-scale hydroelectric plants. If those dams are not diligently managed, however, they could create more problems than they solve.
- While well-planned dams can bring considerable economic benefits and improve water, food and energy security, they can also have the opposite effect if they are poorly planned or maintained.
- Africa could also learn lessons from the twentieth century dam-building boom and minimise the deleterious effects of reliance on dams.