Food Security in Gambia

Foreword The Gambia faces a number of development challenges including high food insecurity. The country is highly dependent on imports of staple food supplies (60% of its needs are imported), and the rise and fluctuation of food prices which make households vulnerable. This study was commissioned to understand the extent of the plight of the people in need and the implications. With the majority of the population being classified as living below the poverty level, it is clear that many people are seriously affected even when small shocks occur. Which groups were hit the hardest, which ones were more affected and less likely to have diversified income or support systems, and which shocks and combinations hurt which people the most. These are questions that require a systematic understanding in order to devise effective and well targeted strategies to minimize the impact of shocks and strengthen resilience. Who were the most vulnerable and how did people across the country cope were critical questions as well. A critical part of this process has been The Gambia Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) which WFP in collaboration with partners undertook in April 2016. The purpose was to determine what the key factors were for the population in meeting their family's food requirements and devising coping strategies in the event of sudden shocks. In addition, the process was designed to be a collaborative approach and was used to continue building capacities within the key intuitional structures in the country. All of the key stakeholders were involved from the outset to support the study, to determine what the relevant food security indicators are and what the coping factors might be, and to undertake the survey using innovative methods such as the utilization of tablets for data collection. The results of the survey highlight how people cope at a particular point in time, which was a relatively food abundant period - at the end of the harvests. It is expected that the findings of this study will guide a better coordinated, more comprehensive and strategic response to address the needs of vulnerable communities. Representative and Country Director World Food Programme The Gambia in order to read full report please click on GAMBIA FOOD SECURITY REPORT
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